Ph.D. Program

The duration of the Ph.D. program is five to eight years. University and departmental regulations stipulate that the maximum tenure of graduate study at UCSD is eight years while seven years is the limit for receiving any type of university financial support. For the Department of History, the "normative" time to degree is 7 years.  Normally, during the first two years, students participate in courses, write two research papers, complete language requirements, define major and minor fields of study, and take at least one minor field examination. In the third year, the student normally completes all outstanding minor field and language requirements, defines a dissertation topic, and passes a qualifying examination in the major field, at which time the student officially advances to candidacy for the Ph.D. Advancement to candidacy must occur at least before the end of the fourth year, and in some programs, such as Ancient History and East Asian Studies, extra language requirements may make fourth-year advancement the norm.

Department of History Ph.D. students will be expected to spend time between their first and sixth years doing archival and/or field research (involving travel outside of San Diego), as required by the demands of their research topic. They often spend their fifth to seventh years writing their dissertation, although exact travel requirements and time to degree varies depending on funding, preparation, and the requirements of the specific project.

Coursework Overview

A normal full-time program consists of twelve units (or three four-unit courses) per quarter. Ph.D. students are expected to complete at least one of the following minimum formal courses of study prior to their qualifying examination:

(1) two two-quarter research seminars, three one-quarter historiography courses in the major field and four other courses (which may be a combination of colloquia, conjoined courses, or directed readings, but which must include one cross-field graduate colloquium like HIGR 200); 

1. Research Seminar (A)

2. Research Seminar (B)

3. Research Seminar (A)

4. Research Seminar (B)

5. Historiography

6. Historiography

7. Historiography

8. HIGR 200 

9. Elective

10. Elective

11. Elective

12. Elective

OR

(2) three two-quarter research seminars (not necessarily in the same field), three one-quarter historiography courses in their major field, and three other courses (which may be a combination of colloquia, conjoined courses, or directed readings, but which must include one cross-field graduate colloquium like HIGR 200).

1. Research Seminar (A)

2. Research Seminar (B)

3. Research Seminar (A)

4. Research Seminar (B)

5. Research Seminar (A)

6. Research Seminar (B)

7. Historiography

8. Historiography

9. Historiography

10. HIGR 200

11. Elective

12. Elective

Students are encouraged to take their first research seminar in their major field during the initial year of graduate study.

After the first year, most students' full-time program includes two regular academic courses each quarter (8 units), and enrollment in a 500 course (four units), like HIGR 500, as a component of a student's employment as a 50% Teaching Assistant.

Major Field

The major field book list should be drawn up by the student in consultation with the faculty adviser. Each major field list will reflect the unique interests of the student, while also incorporating core themes of the field. Some field groups have formal core lists that may comprise a part of each student’s total list, while others do not. In all cases, students are expected to organize their major field lists according to the specific themes/nations/issues that have informed their graduate study, since no major field list can be all-inclusive. The number of titles on a major field list should be around 100, with 80–120 titles representing a reasonable range.

Minor Field

Minor Field Completion Timeline

Ph.D. candidates are strongly encouraged to take at least one minor field examination by the end of the first year and to complete the second minor exam by the end to the second year.  All minor fields must be completed before the major field exam can be taken.  

Minor Field Types

Generally, the department recognizes two types of minor fields:

Teaching Fields: Passing a minor field in an area certifies, on a student’s record and resume, that the student has mastered the literature and the major issues in another geographical or chronological field such that the student is qualified to teach in that area.  (An example would be a minor field in modern Japanese history for an East Asian history, student specializing in modern China; or Early Modern European history for a Modern Europeanist.)  
Theoretical, Comparative and/or Transnational Fields: Designed to familiarize a student with a range of theoretical, comparative and/or transnational issues, which will be useful in the formulation of a dissertation topic and future research in the student’s major field.  In some cases, this minor field is pursued outside the department (in consultation with the student’s adviser): an example might be a minor in Department of Ethnic Studies for a student working on race and ethnicity in the U.S.  In other cases, the student may identify a faculty member or series of faculty members within the department who focus on a particular theme, such as gender, citizenship or imperialism.

Minor Field Reading Lists

The Minor field is defined by a reading list agreed on by the student and the minor field adviser(s).  The list is intended to establish what will be expected of the student and to prevent confusion over the material to be covered. As a guideline, the reading list should:

  • encompass about three quarters’ worth of coursework(which may be taken with up to three faculty members)
  • include about 50 titles, with 40-70 titles representing a reasonable range, depending on the combination of books and articles.  
  • be finalized at the beginning of the quarter during which the student plans to complete the minor field

Minor Field Evaluation

Completion or evaluation of a minor field takes several forms, depending on the policies of different field groups or individual professors.

  • A one-hour oral examination
  • A three hour or twenty-four hour take-home written exam
  • An “un-timed” synthetic essay, 25-30 pages, that organizes the scholarship of the field
  • Three shorter papers (8-10 pages) each encompassing a single quarter’s worth of reading. (This option is especially appropriate in cases where the student is working with more than one faculty member on a minor field.)
  • Developing a course syllabus in the field

Minor Exam Failure

Students who fail a minor field examination may petition the Graduate Committee for permission to sit for the examination again at any time during the following two quarters, as long as pre-candidacy time limits are not exceeded.  A second failure results automatically in dismissal from the program.

Language Requirements

  • Ph.D. candidates in European and Latin American history must demonstrate competency in two foreign languages.
  • Ph.D. candidates in East Asian history must demonstrate proficiency in the appropriate language(s), as decided in consultation with the advisor.
  • Ph.D. candidates in History of Science and United States history, as well as M.A. candidates in European and Latin American history, must demonstrate competency in one foreign language.
  • Ph.D. candidates in Ancient history require two modern foreign languages, as well as the relevant ancient languages.
  • Ph.D. candidates in Middle Eastern history must possess a sound foundation in reading Arabic or Turkish (Ottoman Turkish or modern Turkish) as a requirement for admission to the program. Reading competence in two languages in addition to English is required before advancement to candidacy: the regional language Arabic or Turkish above, and a modern European language (other than English) related to the major field of specialization.
Additional languages appropriate to the special field of study as well as language requirements for a candidate in fields other than those already mentioned may be required by the Graduate Committee in consultation with the student's major field adviser.

Students may satisfy the foreign language requirement in one of the following ways:

  1. By completing, with a grade of B- or better in each term, a two-year language sequence from the student's undergraduate institution. Such a sequence must have been completed within two years of the time the request is made to the Graduate Committee for certification of competency.
  2. By completing, while a graduate student, a two-year, lower-division sequence in the language approved by the Graduate Committee, with a satisfactory (S) grade in each term.
  3. By completing, while a graduate student, a one-year upper-division sequence in the language approved by the Graduate Committee, with a satisfactory (S) grade in each term.
  4. By passing a translation examination administered by the department. (This is the only option available for Chinese and Japanese.) A faculty examiner chooses a text that is approximately 3-4 paragraphs, and historical in nature. Students are given two hours to take the exam and are permitted the use of a dictionary. The criteria for evaluation are somewhat subjective but will focus on the grasp of meaning and concepts, rather than word for word translation. Exams will also be offered twice a year, once in the fall quarter and once in the spring quarter. Students may also petition the graduate coordinator to take them at an alternate time. At the beginning of the fall and spring quarters, the graduate coordinator will poll students about their intentions to be tested and will schedule an exam time, usually in the sixth week of classes.

Students are urged to complete at least one foreign language examination by the end of the first year of study and must do so by the beginning of the third year of study. Failure to meet this requirement is grounds for denial of financial support. No student may take the oral qualifying examination before completing all language requirements.

Committee Constitution and Management

About the Committee

The qualifying exam and dissertation defense are conducted by a students Dissertation Committee. The Dissertation Committee is comprised of at least five members. A minimum of three members must be members of the Department of History, and usually they will be in the student’s major field. The fourth can be either a faculty member from inside the department but outside the major field, or someone from another department. The fifth must be a tenured faculty member in another department. The student’s minor field adviser(s), whether inside the department or in another department, often serve in this “outside” capacity on the orals committee, although this is not required.

Committee Constitution

Students should consult with their adviser about the composition of the examining committee well before their qualifying exam. In addition, the membership of the committee must be approved before the exam by the department chair and the dean of Graduate Studies. The student must meet with the graduate coordinator at least three weeks (the earlier the better) prior to the orals date to arrange for the submission of this paperwork. The Graduate Division website has additional information about committees and a Committee Membership Table which macy be helpful in determining what role a faculty member may serve on your committee.

Committee Management

Coming soon!

Qualifying Exam

Qualifying Exam Timeline

Students are normally expected to take their qualifying examination no later than the spring of their third year of study (except as otherwise specified by the individual fields), and required to do so within four years. Students must fulfill all course work, minor field, and language requirements before taking the qualifying examination. 

About the Qualifying Exam

The qualifying examination is an oral test in the student’s major field of study, conducted by the student's Dissertation Committee. The purpose of the major field oral examination is twofold: 1) to evaluate the student’s knowledge of the major research field and 2) to discuss the student’s dissertation project (with the exception of the US field, which holds a separate meeting for this purpose, no later than two months after the exam).

The exam lasts between two and three hours, and is structured to give each of the five committee members an opportunity to ask questions of the student, based on the major field reading list. When the prospectus is also under discussion, usually the last half-hour is reserved for this purpose. When the exam is over, the student leaves the room and the committee decides whether the student has passed the exam and advanced to candidacy.

  1. The major field book list should be drawn up by the student in consultation with the faculty adviser, and should be finalized at least thirty days before the date of the exam. Each major field list will reflect the unique interests of the student, while also incorporating core themes of the field. Some field groups have formal core lists that may comprise a part of each student’s total list, while others do not. In all cases, students are expected to organize their major field lists according to the specific themes/nations/issues that have informed their graduate study, since no major field list can be all-inclusive. The number of titles on a major field list should be around 100, with 80–120 titles representing a reasonable range. The date of the examination is determined by consultation between the candidate and the examining committee.
  2. The discussion of the dissertation project will be framed by a five- to ten-page prospectus written by the student and submitted to the committee with the book list at least three weeks before the exam. The purpose of the discussion is to determine the feasibility of the scope of the project and to offer suggestions about source materials and research strategies.

Qualifying Exam Failure

Should a student fail the examination, the examining committee will clarify the weaknesses in the exam, so that the student can prepare to take it a second time. If a second oral examination is warranted, the department requires that it should be taken no later than one quarter after the first examination. If the student fails the oral examination a second time, his or her graduate studies in the department will be terminated.

MA on the Way

An MA may also be awarded to continuing PhD students upon successfully passing the oral qualifying examination. The MA is not automatically awarded; students must apply in advance to receive the degree, but no additional work is required. 

Note: Students who wish to receive an MA as part of the PhD program must apply for master’s degree candidacy by the end of the second week of the quarter in which they expect to receive the degree. Please see the graduate coordinator regarding this application.

Previous Graduate Study

The various requirements noted above apply to students who have done no previous graduate work in history. If a candidate has completed some graduate work before entering UC San Diego, appropriate adjustments in course work may be approved by general petition to the graduate committee. Nevertheless, all candidates are required to meet language requirements, pass field examinations, and complete and defend a dissertation prospectus.

Dissertation Defense

The Dissertation Defense is the culmination of all of your work within the Ph.D. program. Please read all of the information on the Graduate Division's website about "Preparing to Graduate" and make an appointment to speak with the Graduate Coordinator preferably a year out from when you plan to defend.

Talk to your faculty advisor about embargoing your dissertation. You may want to embargo your dissertation if you are planning to turn it into a book. The embargo will delay the university's publication of your dissertation and prevent other academics from using your research. 

Embargo Form: https://grad.ucsd.edu/_files/academics/DissertThesisReleaseTemplate.pdf

Returning to Defend

Students In-Candidacy who do not defend within their Support Time Limit may return to defend their dissertation. Below is a chart of what fees and forms are required, based on when the student was last enrolled.

Fees for Dissertation Defense

  Filing in Lieu of Registration Re-Admit Fee Re-Advancement Fee
Currently Enrolled      
Last Enrolled Previous Quarter X    
Last Enrolled Two Quarters Ago X X  
Last Enrolled More than 5 Years Ago X X X

 

Forms for Dissertation Defense

  Dissertation Final Report Grad. Gen. Petition Report for QA 
Currently Enrolled X    
Last Enrolled Previous Quarter X D. Waive Registration…  
Last Enrolled Two Quarters Ago X A. Be Readmitted…  
Last Enrolled More than 5 Years Ago X X X

 

Time Limits

The duration of the Ph.D. program is five to eight years. University and departmental regulations stipulate that the maximum tenure of graduate study at UCSD or Total Time Limit (TRTL) is eight years; while seven years is the limit for receiving any type of university financial support or a student's; Support Time Limit (SUTL). For the Department of History, the "normative" time to degree is 7 years.

To learn more about time limits please visit the Graduate Division website.

Time Limits: https://grad.ucsd.edu/academics/progress-to-degree/time-to-doctorate-policy.html

Evaluation of Academic Work

The department expects all graduate students to do "A" level work. Grades below "B-" are considered evidence of unsatisfactory progress; a "C+" or any lower letter grade is recorded on the transcript, but is regarded as the equivalent of a failure. Required field courses must be taken for a letter grade. Students are strongly encouraged to take their entire first-year program for letter grades. These grades assist the department in evaluating the student's academic progress and in determining future financial support. Post first-year students may take elective courses for satisfactory/unsatisfactory evaluation. Grades of "I" (Incomplete) must be changed to a letter grade by the end of the quarter following the quarter in which the course was taken. The grade will be recorded as a failure if the work has not been completed by then.

Students whose grade point average falls below 3.0 during an academic year may continue in the program only in exceptional circumstances.

Each spring in the years before the student has advanced to candidacy, faculty members from the field group will meet with each student individually to discuss the student's progress. In addition, the faculty adviser will submit a written evaluation for the student's file. Students are entitled to include a response in their permanent record. Once they are advanced to candidacy, graduate students continue to receive annual written evaluations of their progress from their respective faculty dissertation advisers. These evaluations are to be read and signed by the student, the adviser, at least three of the faculty members on the student's dissertation committee, and the department chair.

Scholarly Articles

Students who have written seminar or M.A. papers of high quality are assisted and encouraged to revise them for publication in scholarly journals.

Opportunities for Teaching

Teaching Assistantships

In addition to providing funding opportunities, Teaching Assistantships are an integral part of the graduate program at UCSD, providing training and experience in undergraduate teaching. All students, regardless of their funding needs, are encouraged to spend at least one year as a Teaching Assistant.

Training of teaching assistants is the responsibility of the program in which the teaching is done. For teaching assistants employed within the History Department, an orientation seminar will be offered at the beginning of the fall quarter. The seminar will be organized by the faculty teaching coordinator, in collaboration with a senior TA, both of whom serve as advisers for first time Teaching Assistants throughout the year. In addition, departmental teaching assistants attend one four-hour training session given by the Center for Teaching Development prior to the beginning of instruction in the Fall Quarter.

For teaching assistants employed by the college programs or in the Linguistics Department, training sessions are organized by these programs to orient students in specific course content and methodologies. These seminars are often scheduled during the week prior to the beginning of instruction in the Fall Quarter. Training continues throughout the academic year in weekly staff meetings.

Teaching assistants both inside and outside the department are evaluated by the course instructor. The instructor visits a teaching assistant's section at least once each quarter and reviews a representative sample of papers and exams for fairness and consistency of grading. The instructor prepares a written evaluation of the teaching assistant at the end of the quarter, and the teaching assistant acknowledges the instructor's comments by signing the evaluation. The TA also has the opportunity to include a written response in their file.

Associate-In

There are some opportunities for advanced graduate students in the final year of their program to serve as the primary instructor ("Assoc-In") for an upper-division course in the history department. First, a graduate student may be asked to teach an existing course to replace a faculty member on leave. Second, a graduate student may apply to teach a course of their own design during one of the summer school sessions. Third, students in the last year of the program may apply for the Faculty Fellowship, which provides a two-year adjunct teaching position in the History Department. Students should consult with the Graduate Coordinator for relevant deadlines and application procedures.

Part-time Study

Students who enroll in fewer than twelve graduate or upper-division units per quarter are considered part-time students. Part-time study may be pursued in several master's programs and a few Ph.D. programs at UCSD. Approval for individual students to enroll on a part-time basis may be given for reasons of employment, family responsibilities, or health. Individuals who are interested in part-time study and meet the department's qualifications should see the Graduate Coordinator.

Part-time students must satisfy the same admission requirements as full-time students and are eligible, at the discretion of the department, for 25 percent time teaching or research assistantships. Students who are approved by the Dean of Graduate Studies for enrollment in a program of half-time study or less (a maximum of six units) may be eligible for a reduction of fees. All other students pay the same fees as full-time students.

Job Placement

A job announcement page contains up-to-date fellowships and job announcements. Students expecting to complete the Ph.D. normally work with their major adviser on job placement. In addition, the Department Chair annually selects a member of the faculty to serve as the Graduate Placement Officer. Duties for this position include discussing employment procedures and initiatives for prospective job-hunters. At the beginning of each academic year, a general memo will be sent to graduate students identifying the faculty member chosen as Placement Officer. During the academic year in which they finish their dissertation, students should also prepare a placement file for deposit in the Career Services Center on campus.

Field Specific Curriculum

Ancient

Students in ancient history will be expected to demonstrate a broad mastery of the entire field, with special concentration as follows:

Major Fields

  • The history of Israel in the biblical period
  • The history of the Jewish people in antiquity
  • The history of Classical Greece
  • The history of the Roman Empire (including late antiquity)

First Minor

  • One of the fields listed above not chosen as the major field
  • Greek and Roman history
  • The Middle East before Islam (western Asia and northeastern Africa from the sixth century B.C.E. to the seventh century C.E.)

Second Minor

  • A field of history outside of ancient history
  • A related discipline, offered through another department

Language Requirements

All students will be expected to demonstrate a reading knowledge of two modern foreign languages, usually French and German. This requirement may be satisfied by any of the means recognized by the department.

All students will be expected to demonstrate a reading knowledge of at least one and usually two of the three following ancient languages: Greek, Hebrew, and Latin. The languages will be chosen as appropriate to the student’s particular interests and the requirement will be satisfied by departmental examination.

The second and sometimes third language not elected under (2) may be required if necessary for the student’s research. Additional languages, such as Akkadian, Aramaic, Egyptian, Ugaritic, Phoenician, Coptic, Syriac, and middle and modern Hebrew, may be required as necessary for the student’s research. The required level of competence will be set as appropriate to the student's needs and the requirement will be satisfied by departmental examination.

Core Courses

  • HIGR 255. Historical Scholarship in Ancient History
  • HIGR 260. Research Seminar in Ancient History (two quarters)

East Asia

Major Fields

  • The history of modern China
  • The history of modern Japan
  • The history of modern Korea
  • The history of late imperial China

First Minor Field

A coherent “teaching field,” such as

  • The history of same country as the major field, but a different time period
  • The history of different region within East Asia, including transnational studies

Second Minor Field

A “theoretical, comparative, or transnational field,”  such as

  • The history of a place outside of East Asia
  • A discipline outside of history

Language Requirements:

The student must demonstrate:

1) native or near-native fluency in English speaking and writing;

2) proficient reading and speaking knowledge of the main language(s) appropriate to the major field, including classical language where needed; and

3) when appropriate for a proposed research project, working knowledge of another language, decided upon in consultation with the advisor.  

Europe

Major Fields

Within the major field, national specialization is offered in modern Germany, Spain, Russia and Greece, and in early modern Italy and Germany. Regional specialization is offered in central/eastern Europe and in the Mediterranean.

  • Modern Europe
  • Early modern Europe

First Minor Field

The first minor field should be selected from within the parameters of European history or in world/global history, but in a chronological period outside that of the major field.

  • Ancient Mediterranean
  • Medieval Europe
  • Early modern Europe
  • Modern Europe
  • A second national history
  • World/global history

Second Minor Field

The second minor field is designed either to develop a non-European teaching expertise or to pursue broader theoretical reading related to the research interests of the student or in a chronological period outside that of the major field.

  • A geographical area outside Europe
  • History of science
  • World/global history
  • A transnational thematic or theoretical concentration, such as gender history, citizenship, nationalism, etc.
  • A thematic or theoretical concentration rooted in another discipline, such as anthropology, sociology, art history, ethnic studies, or literature.
  • Early modern Europe (only if the world/global history was taken as the first minor field)

Language Requirement

All European PhD students must show reading proficiency in two European languages other than English.

Latin America

More information coming soon!

Middle East

More information coming soon!

United States

More information coming soon!

Specialization in History of Science

More information coming soon!

Specialization in Critical Gender Studies (CGS)

UCSD's Critical Gender Studies program began as Women's Studies in the 1970s, alongside both an active non-academic women's rights movement and the nascent institutionalization of women's studies as an academic presence. The program was initiated with participation from students and faculty across the humanities and social sciences, including many of the same departments that continue to be involved. From the beginning, it understood itself as an interdisciplinary countercurrent, drawing from these disciplines and simultaneously offering a critique of accepted ideas and beliefs within them.

In the late 90s, the program's faculty introduced curricular revisions and the name change to Critical Gender Studies. With this, UCSD became one of the first institutions formally to acknowledge and to embrace the importance of sexuality and racial formation for the interdisciplinary study of gender. Always forward-thinking and rigorously interdisciplinary, the program has proven immensely useful and enriching for the undergraduate students who have partaken in it for the last several decades. Given the rich history and roots of this program, we are pleased to announce that such benefits now extend to graduate students through the CGS graduate specialization.

UCSD has long been a vibrant site for the study of gender and sexuality, with many graduate students and faculty already engaged in gender-related projects. These students and faculty have collaboratively organized toward recognition of this focus in their research. The specialization has been put in place to respond to such demands, providing a central program through which graduate students may develop their work among peers who take up similar questions. The program encourages applications from all graduate students (who have been admitted to the participating departments) whose work takes up questions of gender. Through the contributions of CGS faculty who specialize in women of color feminism(s) and queer of color critique, the program helps to develop and foster an understanding of gender as necessarily linked to race, sexuality and other social formations.

https://cgs.ucsd.edu/